Partial photothermal decomposition or photorejuvenation is a fairly new hardware technology, which appeared more than ten years ago. During this period, she received high praise from experts and positive feedback from patients, and now she is in great demand.
The effect of the fractional laser can improve your skin condition, remove many blemishes, and delay aging.
The essence of fractional laser skin rejuvenation
Partial photothermal decomposition-This is a technology based on destroying skin cells and soft tissues by exposing them to laser radiation of a specific frequency. During the partial pyrolysis process, the laser beam passes through a special grating and breaks down into many very fine beams. Therefore, what is provided is not continuous but dot dermal damage.
Score action is more popular than traditional laser skin resurfacing because it remains intact around the damaged area. The remaining cells begin to actively divide to fill the damaged area, which significantly speeds up the regeneration process. The skin renews, becomes denser and more elastic, and the defects (scars, scars, age spots) disappear.
Fraxel is considered to be one of the most popular fractional laser equipment.
Indications and contraindications for partial pyrolysis
In the following cases, it means hierarchical pyrolysis:
- There are age-related changes (flabbyness, excessive dryness, wrinkles);
- Floating oval face, drooping;
- Unhealthy complexion, age spots;
- The presence of scars, scars, stretch marks;
- Uneven, uneven skin.
Like any other laser technique, photopyrolysis has contraindications:
- Pregnancy, lactation;
- Expect allergic rash, inflammation, new bruises or burns in the treated area;
- Active viral or bacterial infection;
- Skin diseases (dermatitis, psoriasis);
- Tendency to scar formation;
- Autoimmune disease;
- Oncological diseases.
If the patient has recently undergone chemical peeling or filler injections, photopyrolysis can be performed after 2-3 weeks. The beautician will determine a more precise time frame during the consultation.
Fractional laser affected area
Part of the photothermal effect not only helps to eliminate facial defects, but also helps eliminate physical defects. Especially used to remove stretch marks, scars and scars. The most common areas of fractional laser treatment are:
- Face (periorbital area, forehead, nose, nasolabial triangle, cheek, chin);
- Neckline area
- Hand, forearm
- Hips, thighs;
Depending on the defect area to be eliminated and the defect to be eliminated, the doctor will provide one or another type of procedure.
Types of partial photothermal decomposition
There are two main types of laser photopyrolysis: non-ablative and ablative. They differ in the intensity of radiation, the depth of penetration through the skin layer, and the type of equipment used.
Non-ablation photopyrolysisThe characteristic is that the laser radiation intensity is low. The microbeams will not damage the surface when passing through the epidermis. They penetrate deep into the skin, where they form damaged areas. This effect not only activates the process of cell regeneration, but also activates the synthesis of collagen fibers. As a result, the skin becomes more elastic, wrinkles and creases become smooth, and the surface becomes smoother.
Non-ablative photothermal solution has less trauma, no risk of infection, and short recovery period. Disadvantages include insufficient efficiency in eliminating obvious defects.
Ablative photopyrolysis-More aggressive procedures, during which the skin will be exposed to more intense radiation. The laser beam damages the surface of the epidermis and deep areas of the dermis.
Therefore, the regeneration process and the regeneration process are initiated simultaneously inside and outside the skin. This provides higher efficiency, but brings the disadvantages of surgical pain and a longer postoperative recovery period.
Procedure preparation and process
The rules for preparing for partial rejuvenation surgery are proposed by the beautician in the preliminary consultation. In most cases, the recommendations boil down to some restrictions that must be observed over a period of time:
- 2-3 weeks before the operation, you should refuse to go to sunbathing, beach, bathtub, sauna, and your face should be sunscreened;
- Within 2 weeks, do not perform procedures that damage the skin, such as chemical or laser skin resurfacing;
- Stop taking blood thinners and antibiotics within 7-10 days;
- It is not advisable to drink alcohol 2-3 days before the operation.
Partial pyrolysis of the face occurs in several stages:
- Clean the impurities on the surface of the skin, and then treat it with preservatives.
- The anesthetic is applied to the skin.
- After the pain is relieved, the skin will be covered with a thin layer of gel to provide better sensor contact and even sliding.
- The doctor sets up the equipment and starts treatment.
- At the end of the operation, remove the remaining gel from the skin and apply a soothing mask.
The duration of the meeting is approximately 1-1. 5 hours.
Number of sessions
It is recommended to perform partial photothermal decomposition in the course. The number of treatments required is determined by the beautician, focusing on the patient’s age, skin condition, desired result, and severity of the defect.
On average, the course includes 3-6 procedures. There must be a break of 3-4 weeks between classes. During this period, the skin has time to fully recover.
Possible side effects
Laser pyrolysis is considered a relatively safe procedure, but side effects may still occur. the most common:
- Tightness, burning skin;
- The skin in the treatment area is brown;
In most cases, complications are caused by insufficient qualifications of the beautician, errors in equipment settings or procedures, and failure to follow the doctor’s advice during the recovery period.
In order to speed up the skin recovery after partial photothermal decomposition, the following rules must be followed:
- Do not use decorative cosmetics on the first day;
- Do not use corrosive cleaners, peels, scrubs;
- Don't tear off the crusty that appears;
- Refuse to go to bathhouses, saunas, swimming pools, and avoid physical activity for at least 2 weeks;
- Limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages and do not smoke.
Postoperative skin care includes:
- Treat the skin with medicines prescribed by the doctor (antiseptics, soothing agents);
- Regular hydration;
- Apply a regeneration mask, which includes a tissue regeneration stimulator;
- It is mandatory to use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.
After completing the photothermal decomposition process, protect your skin from sunlight for at least 2 months.
The effectiveness of photorejuvenation is not only confirmed by clinical studies, but also evaluated by satisfied patients who have tested the technology by themselves. After partial photothermal decomposition, the following results were observed:
- Skin tone improves, pigmentation disappears or becomes less obvious;
- Increased flexibility;
- The relief of the skin is flat;
- The skin becomes more hydrated;
- Wrinkles, folds, scars and scars are smoothed.
In addition, the procedure provides a lifting effect, as the skin is tightened, the oval shape of the face gets a clearer contour.
The result of this procedure lasts from one and a half years to 3-4 years. The duration of the effect is affected by many factors, from the skin type and the patient's type of aging to her lifestyle.
Fractional photothermal therapy is mainly suitable for those who wish to restore the skin's youthfulness, maintain its health and attractive appearance, without resorting to the services of a plastic surgeon. This technique has many advantages, but many contraindications must be considered. The beautician will help you determine the necessity and possibility of the procedure.